Array Parameter Sample
Updated: 14 April 2006
Sometimes it is useful to create, update, or delete a set of rows in a database. There are several approaches you could use to achieve that goal. One of them is to pass an array of information from a client to a common language runtime (CLR) integration stored
procedure on the server by using a CLR integration user-defined data type. The nature of such user-defined data types limits the size of the data provided to the server to 8000 bytes. Therefore, this approach is not satisfactory for large or complex data.
For more information, see the contact creation stored procedure in the
AdventureWorks Cycles CLR Layer
sample. If the data that is being manipulated is small and simple, this approach can be much more efficient than calling a stored procedure for each row. By passing an array, the order of data is preserved for those applications
where the order significant.
This sample contains the following:
- The ContactTypeNames user-defined data type. This contains a list of desired contact type names.
- The usp_EnsureContactTypeNames stored procedure implemented as a Microsoft Visual C# or Microsoft Visual Basic method. This accepts an instance of the
ContactTypeNames user-defined data type and inserts new rows in the
Person.ContactType table for any contact names that are contained in the user-defined data type instance which are not already present in the table.
- The TestArrayParameter console application. This creates an instance of the
ContactTypeNames user-defined data type based on the command line parameters passed in, and then invokes the
usp_EnsureContactTypeNames stored procedure by passing the user-defined data type instance as a parameter. Install directory:
drive:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\90\Samples\Engine\Programmability\CLR\ArrayParameter\
Jane is a developer for Adventure Works Cycles. She has to insert a small number of simple rows in a table but wants to minimize database turnarounds.
Transact-SQL, Visual C# and Visual Basic.
The Array Parameter sample uses the following features of Microsoft SQL Server.
||CLR, user-defined data type, Transact-SQL
Before running this sample, make sure the following software is installed:
- Microsoft SQL Server 2005 or Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Express Edition (SQL Server Express). You can obtain SQL Server Express free of charge from the SQL Server 2005 Express Edition Documentation and Samples
- The AdventureWorks database which is included with SQL Server 2005, and is also available at the SQL Server Developer
- The SQL Server 2005 Database Engine samples. These samples are included with SQL Server 2005. You can download the latest version of the samples at the SQL Server Developer
- .NET Framework SDK 2.0 or Microsoft Visual Studio 2005. You can obtain .NET Framework SDK free of charge. See
Installing the .NET Framework SDK.
Building the Sample
If you have not already created a strong name key file, generate the key file using the following instructions.
To generate a strong name key file
- Open a Microsoft Visual Studio 2005 command prompt. Click Start, point to
All Programs, point to Microsoft .NET Framework SDK 2.0, and then click
SDK Command Prompt.-- or --Open a Microsoft .NET Framework command prompt. Click
Start, point to All Programs, point to Microsoft .NET Framework SDK 2.0, and then click
SDK Command Prompt.
- Use the change directory command (CD) to change the current directory of the command prompt window to the folder where the samples are installed.
Note: To determine the folder where samples are located, click the Start* button, point to
All Programs, point to Microsoft SQL Server 2005, point to Documentation and Tutorials, and then click
Samples Directory. If the default installation location was used, the samples are located in <system_drive>:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\90\Samples.*
- At the command prompt, run the following command to generate the key file:
sn -k SampleKey.snk Important: For more information about the strong-name key pair, see "Security Briefs: Strong Names and Security in the .NET Framework" in the .NET Development Center on MSDN.
To build the Array Parameter sample
- Compile the sample by using Visual Studio 2005 and the provided Visual Studio solution, or by using Microsoft MSBuild, which is included in the .NET Framework SDK 2.0. Run commands similar to the following at a .NET Framework command prompt:
msbuild /nologo /verbosity:quiet /property:Configuration=Debug CS\ArrayParameter.sln
- Make sure that the AdventureWorks database is installed.
- If you did not install the SQL Server Database Engine samples in the default location, modify the path in the CREATE ASSEMBLY part of the script in Scripts\InstallCS.sql to refer to the location where the samples were installed.
- If you are not an administrator for the SQL Server instance you are using, you must have an administrator grant you
CreateAssembly permission to complete the installation.
- Open the scripts\installCS.sql or scripts\installVB.sql file, depending on whether you compiled the Visual C# project or the Visual Basic project, in SQL Server Management Studio. Execute the script contained in the file, or execute a command similar to
the following in a command prompt window: sqlcmd -E -I -i Scripts\InstallCS.sql
Running the Sample
To run the Array Parameter sample
- At a command prompt, use the change directory (CD) command to change the current folder of the command prompt window to the ArrayParameter sample directory. At the command prompt, run the following command:
Removing the Sample
To remove the Array Parameter sample
- Open the scripts\cleanup.sql file in Management Studio. Run the script that is contained in the file, or run the following command in a command prompt window:
sqlcmd -E -I -i Scripts\cleanup.sql
The common language runtime for SQL Server 2005 or SQL Server Express must be enabled for this sample to work correctly.
Samples are provided for educational purposes only. They are not intended to be used in a production environment and have not been tested in a production environment. Microsoft does not provide technical support for these samples. Sample applications and assemblies
should not be connected to or used with your production SQL Server database or your report server without the permission of the system administrator.
|5 December 2005
||Changed content: Changed instructions for generating a key file, including the name and location of the key file.
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